The number of atoms in the finite volume of space is not infinite, although it is so large that it is inaccessible to the senses. (fix it) Keywords No keywords specified (fix it) Categories No categories specified (categorize this paper) Options Edit this record. The problem of the structure of material reality in Plato received the following interpretation: the world of things perceived through the senses is not the world of the truly existing; things continually arise and die. pp. Based on the above understanding of the infinite, Aristotle defines continuity and discontinuity. In addition, he played, according to Archimedes, an important role in proving Euddox’s theorems on the volume of a cone and pyramid. Mark as duplicate. The geographical location of the Ionia was also favorable for cultural interaction. The movement of atoms forever and ultimately is the cause of all changes in the world. 169--186 (2006) Abstract This article has no associated abstract. 2000 BC) began with a promise to teach “a perfect and thorough study of all things, an understanding of their essences, a knowledge of all secrets.” In fact, the art of calculating with integers and fractions is described in which government officials were dedicated in order to be able to solve a wide range of practical tasks, such as the distribution of wages among a known number of workers, the calculation of the amount of grain for making such and such amount of bread, the calculation of surfaces and volumes, etc. It was also provide an opportunity for them to improve themselves with getting interacted with the new technologies from all over the world. Thus, already in the starting point of its development, theoretical mathematics was influenced by the struggle of two types of materialist and religious-idealistic worldviews. K. Marx called Aristotle (384-322 BC) “the greatest philosopher of antiquity”. What makes something interesting for mathematicians (or even "true", as we learned from the Gödel discussion) is not an easy question to answer, and the answer might not even be strictly mathematical. The concept of mathematics created in this way called the concept of mathematical atomism, turned out to be significantly different from the previous ones. Although questions of the methodology of mathematical knowledge were not set forth by Aristotle in any particular work, in terms of content, they together form a complete system. The rich and intellectual population was living a peaceful life. The works of Plato (427-347 BC) are a unique phenomenon in terms of highlighting a philosophical concept. Within the bounds of a scientific theory, a number of auxiliary definitions are necessary, which are not primary but serve to uncover the subject of the theory. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MATHEMATICS AND PHILOSOPHY. Archiv für die Gesch. The mathematics seminar MATH 480, Senior Seminar: Mathematical Topics, fulfills the senior requirement. The technique of proving early Greek mathematics, both in geometry and arithmetic, was originally a simple attempt to give clarity. It is possible that during the period of the most intensive development of the spiritual life of Babylon and Egypt, during the period of the formation of the foundations of their knowledge, the presentation of certain mathematical propositions was accompanied by substantiation in one form or another. The source material was taken by the Greeks from their predecessors, but the method of assimilating and using this material was new. In Democritus, all mathematical objects (bodies, planes, lines, points) appear in certain material images. This mission fell to a lot of Plato’s disciple – Aristotle. Zeno’s reasoning led to the need to rethink such important methodological issues as the nature of infinity, the relationship between continuous and discontinuous, etc. Philosophers hate complexity. But the fact that there is evidence suggests that mathematical knowledge is not perceived dogmatically but in the process of reflection. The sum of an infinitely large number of any, albeit infinitely small, but extended values should be infinitely large; 2. Thus, there was a temptation to neglect them and declare mathematical objects to be something primary in relation to the existing world. In the field of geometric knowledge, attention is focused on the most abstract dependencies. Aristotle gives a detailed classification of the beginnings, based on various signs. Of course the distinction between the philosophy of mathematics and the foundations of mathematics is vague, and the more interaction there is between philosophers and mathematicians working on questions pertaining to the nature of mathematics, the better. The Pythagoreans built a significant part of the planimetry of rectangular shapes; The highest achievement in this direction was the proof of the Pythagorean theorem, special cases of which, 1200 years before, are given in the cuneiform texts of the Babylonians. In the system, the beginnings of the common take the leading place, but they are not enough, since “among the general beginnings there cannot be those from whom one could prove everything.” This explains that among the beginnings there should be “some peculiar to each science separately, others – common to all.” Secondly, the beginnings are divided into two groups, depending on what they reveal: the existence of an object or the presence of certain properties. Problems in the relation between maths and philosophy. In mathematics, he apparently did not conduct specific research, but the most important aspects of mathematical knowledge were subjected to a deep philosophical analysis, which served as the methodological basis for the work of many generations of mathematicians. To replace the methodology of mathematics developed by Plato by a more productive system, his doctrine of ideas, the main sections of his philosophy and, consequently, his view of mathematics, should be subjected to critical analysis. There were problems that came down to solving equations of the third degree and special types of equations of the fourth, fifth and sixth degrees. What was done by Pythagoras himself, and what his students, it is very difficult to establish. Of course mathematics has it's own philosophy. B.C in 6th century at West Anatolia there was a place called Ionia where the philosophy was born. In the numerous system of regulations that regulated almost every step of life, a prominent place was given to music and scientific studies. If it is not divisible, it is not infinite in the sense of impassable to the end. The geometric equivalent of a unit is a point; at the same time, the connection of points cannot form a line, since “the points from which a continuous would have been composed must either be continuous or touch each other.” But they will not be continuous: “after all, the edges of the points do not form anything single, since the indivisible has no edge or another part.” The points cannot touch each other since they touch “all objects either as a whole, or with their parts, or as a whole of parts. Apparently, the Egyptians did not go further than the equations of the first degree and the simplest quadratic equations. The philosophy units for the Mathematics and Philosophy course are mostly shared with the other courses with philosophy. Thus, the existence of mathematics was questioned. Philosophy, itself, is as abstract as math and just as practical. “That the infinite exists, confidence in this arises from researchers of five bases: from a time (for it is infinite); from the separation of quantities …; further, only in this way will occur and destroy, if it is infinite, where does the arising occur. What is the relationship between logic and mathematics? However, the inclusion of mathematics in the basis of the ideological system required its restructuring, bringing mathematics in accordance with the initial philosophical propositions, with logic, gnoseology, the methodology of scientific research.

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